The first stirring of what was later to become the Cursillo Movement began during the years of World War II. The Spanish Civil War had ended in 1939 and the years following were tumultuous times within the Spanish Church. The idea was born to have a pilgrimage to the Shrine of St. James of Compostela, the great Spanish pilgrimage center of the Middle Ages. The pilgrimage would be a time for men and women of Spain to dedicate themselves in a renewed way to the work of the apostolate.
The pilgrimage provided a brotherhood that sparked further efforts for renewal in different Catholic action groups. Bishop Juan Hervas had been involved in Catholic action and through this action would give rise to the first three days.
This account covers the following points:
The history of the Cursillo Movement, which involves Spain in the 1940’s
The post-Civil War situation in Spain and the rise of Franco
Spain’s relationship with the Vatican
The nature of the Spanish mentality
The influence of Catholic Action on the Cursillo Movement
The strategy and method of the Cursillo Movement.